Tuesday, January 25, 2022
HomeSociety & CultureMost Developed Countries in Africa, 2021

Most Developed Countries in Africa, 2021

Human Development Index (HDI) is a standard way of measuring the well-being of the people of a country.

It is a comparative measure of literacy, life expectancy and standard of living. HDI is used to measure the impact of the economic policies on the quality of life of its people.

The report was first launched in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, Its goal was to place people at the center of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is used to rank countries according to their development levels from “very high” to “low”. Countries are ranked based on life expectancy, education, standard of living, child welfare, health care, economic welfare, and population happiness. Formulas are used to factor all the variables and determine the scores of countries.

Here is a brief overview of the Top 20 most developed African countries according to the last HDI report.

20. Congo (HDI Score: 0.574)

Global Ranking: 149
Life Expectancy: 64.6
GDP: 55.09 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 2,879

In 2020, DR Congo’s level of human development was ranked 175th out of 189 countries by the Human Development Index

19. Angola (HDI Score: 0.581)

Global Ranking: 148
Life Expectancy: 61.2
GDP: 66.49 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 6,104

18. Zambia (HDI Score: 0.584)

Global Ranking: 146
Life Expectancy: 63.9
GDP: 18.95 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 3,326

17. Equatorial Guinea (HDI Score: 0.592)

Global Ranking: 145
Life Expectancy: 58.7
GDP: 10.50 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 13,944

The country ranks 144th on the 2019 Human Development Index, with less than half the population having access to clean drinking water and around 1 in 12 children dying before the age of five.

Equatorial Guinea’s government is authoritarian and has one of the worst human rights records in the world.

16. Kenya (HDI Score: 0.601)

Global Ranking: 143
Life Expectancy: 66.7
GDP: 106 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 4,244

Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy. Kenya’s economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub.

Kenya has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.555 (medium), ranked 145 out of 186 in the world.

15. Ghana (HDI Score: 0.611)

Global Ranking: 138
Life Expectancy: 64.1
GDP: 58 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 5,269

14. Eswatini (HDI Score: 0.611)

Global Ranking: 138
Life Expectancy: 60.2
GDP: 4.23 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 7,919

13. Sao Tome and Principe (HDI Score: 0.625)

Global Ranking: 135
Life Expectancy: 70.4
GDP: 0.28 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 3,952

With a population of 201,800 São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African sovereign state after Seychelles, as well as the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.

São Tomé and Príncipe outperforms the sub-Saharan Africa average on the Human Development Index and has made great progress on most social indicators. All children in São Tomé and Príncipe are enrolled in the education system, life expectancy has increased to 70 years, the infant mortality rate has decreased dramatically and the vast majority of the population already has access to piped water and access to electricity.

12. Namibia (HDI Score: 0.646)

Global Ranking: 130
Life Expectancy: 63.7
GDP: 11.38 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 9,357

11. Cabo Verde (HDI Score: 0.648)

Global Ranking: 126
Life Expectancy: 73.0
GDP: 1.80 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 7,019

Cape Verde is often praised as an example among African nations for its stability and developmental growth despite its lack of natural resources.

10. Morocco (HDI Score: 0.686)

Global Ranking: 121
Life Expectancy: 76.7
GDP: 124 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 7,368

Since independence, Morocco has remained relatively stable and prosperous. It has the fifth-largest economy in Africa and wields significant influence in both Africa and the Arab world; it is considered a middle power in global affairs and holds membership in the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the African Union.

9. Gabon (HDI Score: 0.703)

Global Ranking: 119
Life Expectancy: 66.5
GDP: 16 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 13,930

This resource-rich nation is the fifth largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa. Gabon’s HDI has improved in the recent years all thanks to a working government.

8. Egypt (HDI Score: 0.707)

Global Ranking: 166
Life Expectancy: 72.0
GDP: 394 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 11,466

Egypt is taking steps to reduce poverty. It is targeting subsidies to the needy segments of the society. It is also working on bolstering its social justice agenda.th and redistribution of wealth.

7. South Africa (HDI Score: 0.709)

Global Ranking: 114
Life Expectancy: 64.1
GDP: 329 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 12,129

South African government till date is struggling to achieve monetary and fiscal discipline in order to ensure economic growth and redistribution of wealth.

6. Libya (HDI Score: 0.724)

Global Ranking: 105
Life Expectancy: 72.9
GDP: 24.27 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 15,688

Libya had the highest Human Development Index of any country on the continent. but everything changed when the USNATO and “rebels” began their murderous and destructive attacks on the Libyans and their government. Now they are the sixth most developed country in Africa.

5. Botswana (HDI Score: 0.735)

Global Ranking: 100
Life Expectancy: 69.6
GDP: 17 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 16,437

Botswana’s economic progress over the last four decades has transformed the living standards of its people. However, significant pockets of poverty still remain in rural areas and some parts of urban areas.

4. Tunisia (HDI Score: 0.740)

Global Ranking: 95
Life Expectancy: 76.7
GDP: 44.27 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 10,414

With a Human Development Index (HDI) estimated at 0.740, Tunisia is classified by the UN agency as a “high” human development country.

3. Algeria (HDI Score: 0.748)

Global Ranking: 91
Life Expectancy: 76.9
GDP: 155 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 11,174

Algeria is the largest country in Africa. And is ranked 3rd on the list of most developed countries in Africa.

2. Seychelles (HDI Score: 0.796)

Global Ranking: 67
Life Expectancy: 73.4
GDP: 1.20 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 26,904

Seychelles is right at the top of the list. The nation has met most of the Millennium Development Goals. The country has very good infrastructure. It has six airports with paved runways and eight airports with unpaved runways. The Seychelles is also one of the richest country in Africa.

1. Mauritius (HDI Score: 0.804)

Global Ranking: 66
Life Expectancy: 75.0
GDP: 13.50 billion USD
Gross National Income Per Capita: USD 25,266

Mauritius has benefited immensely by sound macroeconomic policies and wide-ranging structural reforms since 2006. The nation is also one of Africa’s richest countries despite its small size and has been ranked among the top 10 countries in Africa with the most Millionaires.

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular